Traffic light government in the fight for the love of voters. Help from government in Germany

The government rolled out another generous gift to voters. Somewhere in the back of my mind, the thought is tossing and turning about how much we must pay later, something like “tax-free” Elterngeld, for which you will pay later, when submitting a declaration. But for now, let’s put the thought of the consequences in the attic and rejoice that we are remembered and loved. Next – how exactly they remember about us.

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Grundsteuererklärung – real estate declaration in Germany

The Grundsteuererklärung real estate declaration in Germany, although it took a long time to prepare, does not have good explanations with examples. It took me two weeks to fill out, understand and order the papers.

Each land has its own data requirements, but the main points remain the same for all. I have Baden-Württemberg. I consider the declaration from the point of view of an ordinary owner of apartment, not an investor and not an entrepreneur. Links to official comments on the federal states – in part one Summer surprise. Real estate declaration in Germany.

If you haven’t started filing a real estate declaration yet, do it now. The time is already approaching the middle. The declaration must be submitted by everyone who owns real estate (apartment, house, garage – in whole or in part). Even apartment owners own some land (Grundstück).

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How to change health insurance in Germany

Health insuranse in Germany

We have already found out how the contributions to the state health insurance are formed, who is obliged to have it, and what exactly of the medical services we are paid for, and for which we will have to pay extra. Now let’s find out how to change health insurance in Germany if another insurance promises a lot of free additional services or if the old one does not suit us with its service.

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9-euro public transport ticket and other gifts

Fuel prices are no longer shocking, only evoke grim resignation, and this mood of the herd does not suit the shepherds – because it makes them a suicidal government that is destined to be swept away and trampled into history in the next electoral cycle. Therefore, it is urgently required to spread the straws and add food. Food and straw should be any that are in stock. So the measures to save us from fuel prices are also a little rotten.

Chief among them is the much publicized 9-euro public transport ticket. I kept waiting for it to finally be approved. After all, they might not have accepted it, the measure is doubtful. But the advertising was so wide that it was already impossible not to accept. Therefore recently for the 9-euro ticket finally voted. The pre-sale starts on May 23rd.

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Tax declaration Germany. Anlage EÜR

Filling out Anlage EÜR was not so easy. I once thought that Anlage EÜR is a simple piece of paper with two columns: “Income” and “Expense”. It turned out that this is such a concentrated declaration, where much of what is in a regular declaration is repeated, only in relation to entrepreneurs. Anlage EÜR even has its own applications.

But despite its formidable size, filling out the Anlage EÜR is always presented as the biggest advantage for small entrepreneurs – compared to the dreaded and scary accounting.

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Education system in Baden-Württemberg

Now there are many options for accessing higher education, and it’s good to know about them in advance, especially when you have to choose a school after primary school. Let’s see education system in Baden-Württemberg.

In Germany, each federal state itself determines how its children should study. At first I wanted to make a general overview, but it very quickly turned into a huge lump with sticking out legs of numerous features of this or that land, in which one could get lost already in the first two paragraphs. So let’s go by each federal state separately.

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What is selbstständig, Unternehmer, Honorar, Firma in Germany

What is selbstständig and how does it differ from Unternehmen? Selbstständig in Germany is an individual entrepreneur with a small business, as opposed to Unternehmen with a bunch of employees? Freiberufler is a freelancer or not only? And if I work for a Honorar – am I a Freiberufler? Let’s take a look at the statuses.

What is Öffentliche Dienst
Who belongs to Freiberufler and what other forms of part-time work are there in Germany (Minijob, ehrenamtlich)
Credit cards in Germany
German tax return. Anlage WA-Est
Home office tax deduction in German tax return
All tax deductions (in German income tax declaration)

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Summer surprise. Real estate declaration in Germany

Did you think that the annual entertainment with the German income declaration is more than enough for you? By the way, you can find by me how to fill it out.
This year the state decided that the fun should be extended. If you own any real estate, from July to October you must file a Real estate declaration about it.

Read futher how to fill out Grundsteuererklärung – real estate declaration in Germany

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Sale of used items (Privatverkauf). Private warranty

Once I met in an ad for the sale of used items a postscript about private warranty in large letters and with exclamation marks: “In accordance with EU law, every private seller must write that returns and replacements are not made and nothing is guaranteed.” Since I have not met with such a duty, I decided to investigate this issue.

It can be also interesting:
Sommer surprise. Real estate declaration in Germany
Credit cards in Germany
What is allowed to do if you are sick without to be fired
Christmas cookies in Germany
DIY lanterns for Saint Martin feast. 5. Silhouettes

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What is allowed to do if you have sick leave in Germany without to be fired

if you have sich leave in germany

When my husband received sick leave not with a common cold and bed rest, the question immediately arose: “What, in fact, can and cannot be done during recovery so that the employer does not get indignant?”

In fact, quite a lot is possible to do if you have sick leave in Germany without to be fired, but you are unlikely to want to go to court about this – and the employer will go easily, I have absolutely no doubt. Therefore, we know our rights, but we use them sparingly. You also do not forget to immediately inform the employere about your illness – you may even be fired, although you were quite honestly ill if you forgot to call on time. Fortunately, at least the transfer of the sick leave remains in the past from this year.

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What is new in Germany 2022

Let’s see what awaits us in the new 2022.

There are changes in social, pension and tax calculations that do not depend on the will of the average person – the tax scale changes slightly, the tax-free base increases, the pension scale is moving, and so on, so I will not consider them.

First, about what did not fall into the category. On May 15, a selective census of the population will take place – it was postponed due to pandemic.

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How system kills blogging

On my sites you will see a nasty full page ad that requires you to agree to cookies. I know it got you. It got me too. But I have no other choice as the European data protection law is written in such a way that it requires you to actively, not passively, consent to cookies. That is, you must press the button yourself. In doing so, it requires:

– so that absolutely all cookies are registered. And this is statistics, newsletters, services from WordPress like contact forms, advertising statistics and even fonts, etc. etc.

– so that you can refuse both all together, and from each separately

– so you can change your mind

– so that all these services, except for those that completely destroy the site, are disabled until you agree.

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Joint building ventury (Baugemeinschaft)

The joint building ventury Baugemeinschaft is a popular form of organizing the construction of apartment buildings in Germany.

Summer surprise. Real estate declaration in Germany
Germany apartments search. Decoding ads
Fighting condensation and mold in Germany
How to sort waste in Germany – what waste is going where
Renovation cost in Germany. Who pays

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4th grade. Gymnasium or Realschule?

What secondary school to choose – Gymnasium or Realschule? High school choice is not as obvious now as it used to be. Secondary education in Germany has changed significantly over the past 15 years.

I have so far examined the structure of education in half of the federal states (see the topics “Schools after the Grundschule”) and will continue to do so.

The main conclusion: the idea “if you want to go to a university, you need to fight to get into a gymnasium” in most Bundeslands no longer works. The strictest vertical is preserved in Bavaria and Saxony.

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German income tax declaration. Anlage N-Aus

German tax return

For a long time I was asked to write about Anlage N-Aus, but I always advised to go to the tax consultants for the first time (in LohnsteuerHilfe Verein), since it is not simply.

This Anlage is really complex. But it is possible, that you don’t need this Anlage at all.

If you are first year in Germany or leave it this year, then you need Anlage WA-Est. it has existed since 2017.

Read about Anlage WA-Est here.

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Leben in Deutschland test. 10. Local authorities

The last post about Leben in Deutschland test – this time local authorities, local rules and questions about Bundesland.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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German tax return. Anlage WA-Est

In this part – how to fill out Anlage Wa-Est.

Anlage Wa-Est is filled out by those

  • who left Germany in the declared year,
  • who moved in Germany in the declared year
  • but also those who do not have a permanent place of residence in Germany, but would like to be treated as unrestricted taxable (that is, as living in Germany).

This application looks like a simplified tax return.

how to fill out Anlage Wa-est

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German income tax declaration. Anlage Vorsorgeaufwand

Steuer

Anlage Vorsorgeaufwand is an application of German income tax declaration, where insurances are indicated.

All I can return from tax: A-D, E-H, I-N, P-W, Außergewöhnliche Belastungen
Introduction in thema “German tax return” – here
Mantelbogen
Anlage N Part 1, Part 2, Anlage N-Aus, Anlage Wa-Est, Homeoffice
Anlage Kind
Anlage Sonderausgaben
Anlage Haushaltnahe Diensleistungen 35a

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Leben in Deutschland test. 8. Family, education

There are a few more simple topics in Leben in Deutschland test (Einbürgerungstest), such as family and education.

All posts about #Leben in Deuschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Elster online. 6. Household works deduction – Anlage Haushaltsnahe Aufwendungen (35a)

Steuer

The landlord or management company have finally bothered to send you an annual calculation? So you can go to the household works deduction in german tax return.

Household works have now a separate Anlage Haushaltsnahe Aufwendungen (35a). It moved here in 2020 from the main part (formerly lines 71-78 Hauptvordruck).

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Leben in Deutschland test. 7. Germany and Europe. Migrants

Leben in Deutschland test (Orientierungstest, Einburgerungstest) has several questions about the relationship between Germany and other countries (mostly Europe). There are also a few questions about migrants, but more from a historical perspective.

Note: This post does not include the changes that will occur with the UK’s exit from the EU.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Leben in Deutschland test. 6. Judicial branch

The topic “court (Judikative)” is small in the Leben in Deutschland test. All the information focuses on two questions: what courts are there and who are the Schöffen.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Tax return in Germany. All income tax deduction P-W

Next part of income tax deduction in German tax return, among them the most important – deduction of expenses for work.

Not forget: außergewöhnliche Belastungen (Exceptional costs) are deducted, if they over individual limit.

How to calculate the limit of außergewöhnliche Belastungen read here
Other parts: A-D, E-H, I-N

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German tax refund – What I can claim to return. I-N

Futher with all German tax deductible expenses. Not forget: außergewöhnliche Belastungen (Exceptional costs) are deducted, if they over individual limit.

How to calculate the limit of außergewöhnliche Belastungen read here
Other parts: A-D, E-H, P-W
How to fill German income tax declaration – #steuererklaerung

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German tax return. Elster online. Anlage Kind

Anlage Kind

We go to the Anlage Kind. Anlage Kind – application for expenses for children in German tax return: Kindergarten, education (Ausbildung), Kindergeld and Kinderbonus.

Anlage opens if you mark it in Anlagenauswahl page.

All I can return from tax: A-D, E-H, I-N, P-W, Außergewöhnliche Belastungen
Introduction in thema “German tax return” – here
Mantelbogen
Anlage N Part 1, Part 2, Anlage N-Aus, Anlage Wa-Est, Homeoffice
Anlage Vorsorgeaufwand
Anlage Sonderausgaben
Anlage Haushaltnahe Diensleistungen 35a

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All tax deductions (in German income tax declaration). E-H

In this post all tax deductions from E to H – from Education to Houskeeping Help.

Not forget: außergewöhnliche Belastungen (Exceptional costs) are deducted, if they over individual limit.

How to calculate the limit of außergewöhnliche Belastungen read here.
Other parts – A-D, I-N, P-W,
Other posts about german tax return – #steuererklaerung

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Leben in Deutschland Test. History. After the war – FRG und GDR

Now we look what questions about history of Germany after Second World war – GDR and FRG – has Leben in Deutschland test. The first part was devoted to the period before the war and during the war.

All posts about #orientierungstest
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
Stumbling blocks

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All income tax deduction (in German tax return). A-D

From A as Additional education to D as Dysgraphia, dyslexia – all income tax deduction in German tax return.

If I write “is as außergewöhnliche Belastungen (Exceptional costs) deducted”, it means that this expenses are deducted only if they over individual limit.

How to calculate the limit of außergewöhnliche Belastungen read here
Other parts: E-H, I-N, P-W

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All deductible expenses in German tax return. 1. Außergewöhnliche Belastungen

When I ask those who already understand something in German and have lived in Germany for more than one year why they prefer to pay a tax consultant instead of filling out a tax return on their own, I am told that
1. there are no previous tax return as a sample and
2. they never know what deductible expenses there are – what if they miss out on some possible returns?

As answer on the second point, I decided to collect all possible deductible expenses in Germany.

But there is one thing, that you must know before we begin with the list: many of these expenses can be deducted only if they cross a certain border, and this border is rather big. This border is named Außergewöhliche Belastungen.

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Tax return in Germany. Elster online. Anlage N. Working expenses

Second part of Anlage N of tax return in Germany is working expenses (Werbungskosten) – work clothers, books, home office, tax consultant, search for new work, etc.

In the first part we write off way to the work.

Beginning with Anlage N and costs of way to work

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Elster online. German income tax declaration Anlage N. Part 1

German income tax declaration Anlage N is for employees. In the first half we fill out datas from employer’s calculation list. In the second – our expenses, that we made for work.

Before we get to Anlage N, let’s see how we can make our life easier.

Making life easier is called a pre-filled declaration. Using the code Abrufcode, which is sent in the letter along with the code for connecting to the program, you can request your annual calculation from the employer (Lohnsteuerbescheid) and electronic reports for other activities, if you have them.

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Orientierungstest. 4. Economy and social protection

This field of questions in Leben in Deutschland test (Orientierungstest, Einbürgerungstest) covers mainly some workers’ rights and social insurance.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Leben in Deutschland test. 3-2. Parties in Germany, communal level

For Leben in Deutschland test you must know about three power in Germany: legislative, executive and judikative. There is a schema in the part 3-1. This part 3-2 is about communal level, parties and Leben in Deutschland test questions to this topic.

All posts about #orientierungstest
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Leben in Deutschland test. 3. Political system and elections

We continue to study basic knowledge of German politics and laws for Leben in Deutschland test. This part covers a lot of information about the structure of power and elections, so I divided it into 2 entries.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Test Leben in Deutschland. 2. State structure, state symbols

We continue to deal with test Leben in Deutschland questions and answers. In this part about state structure and state symbols – federal states, state power, flag, coat of arms and anthem.

All posts about #test Leben in Deutschland
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Test Leben in Deutschland (Orientierungstest) in English. 1. Constitution

Test Leben in Deutschland is one of the two basic tests for foreigners in Germany. Some time ago in Germany it was decided that people wishing to live in the country should have a certain minimum knowledge of the history and social structure of the country. The basis was the research that some of the people who want to obtain citizenship (and have received it) are not familiar with the Constitution (Grundgesetz) and / or do not accept it in the part that contradicts their Religion. This minimum knowledge was expressed in special courses (Orientierungskurs), which were added to the integration courses.

if you don’t want or don’t have to take the test yet, this topic may be of interest to you in order to close the gaps in knowledge about the country of residence.

All posts about #orientierungstest
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Benefits for families in Germany

In this post about benefits for families in Germany: Kindergeld, Kinderzuschlag, Elterngeld, Landeserziehungsgeld, Familiengeld, Baukindergeld. The latter is practically irrelevant. However, according to the plans of the government, and all the rest may not be relevant.

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Kündigungsfrist, or How not to postpone the moment of a happy parting

Competition and crisis are severe and make everyone get out as best they can and cut the sheep, that is, you and me.

When concluding any contract, always look under what conditions you can refuse it. Even if we are talking about some kind of promotion, like “ProbeBahnCard 25” or AmazonPrime for month, remember – free cheese often lies in a mousetrap. After all, they want to get you for a long time, and preferably forever. Do you want this?

Kündigungsfrist is what interests us in the contract. This is the period for which you must warn your landlord / bank / whoever provides you services that you no longer need it. This applies to various areas. Examples I came across:

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