Library in Germany. How to use

When I tell those who have not yet had time to learn the language that the library in Germany is already waiting for them and will be very useful, they usually answer me with round eyes: “I can not find things in the supermarkt, but you are talking about the library.” However, later, when 5-6 years pass, the reaction after the first visit is usually different: “Why didn’t we go earlier?”

10 best online German dictionaries
Secondary school in Berlin – Brandenburg and other federal states
4th grade. Gymnasium or Realschule?
Non-Speaking child. Speech delay treatment in Germany
Bilingual children. 1
School supplies in Germany. 2. Pencils, pens (Füller) and others
German primary school. Deutsch in grades 3-4

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10 best online German dictionaries

If you live in Germany, online German dictionaries are a daily necessity. I think that no one remembers paper dictionaries anymore. The choice, however, is not so rich.

German picture description phrases and sequence
Basic German. 4. Time and prepositions of time in German and other grammar posts
Difference between merken and bemerken and other words for memory and notice and other German synonyms
All posts for #New in Germany
Giving direction essay in German. Wegbeschreibung
Idioms in German with meaning stupidity, madness

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Difference between merken and bemerken and other words for memory and notice

The difference between merken and bemerken is at the formal level, in shades of meaning and in other meanings of these words. Additionally, let’s take the words wahrnehmen, erkennen, sich erinnern, einprägen, memorieren.

As you can easily guess, the root of the word comes from Marke – a mark. Hence all the meanings: made a mark – remembered, made a mark – noticed, made a mark (verbal) – that is, made a remark.

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Difference between ändern and verändern, verwandeln, wechseln and tauschen

This topic is about the difference between ändern and verändern, verwandeln, wechseln and tauschen. You can change slightly and completely, in a positive or negative sense, externally or internally.

It can be also interesting:
Basic German. 4. Time and prepositions of time in German
Betrag or Beitrag, vertragen or ertragen and other members of tragen family
German picture description phrases and sequence
Difference between steigen, steigern, erhöhen, erheben, zulegen, zunehmen
German idioms about talking

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Basic German. 4. Time and prepositions of time in German

The prepositions of time in German, like the prepositions of place discussed in the previous part, are that mandatory base without which it is difficult to start speaking.

Basic German with tables. 3. Local prepositions
Conjunctions in sentences. Different word order
Basic German with tables. 2. Noun and articles
Betrag or Beitrag, vertragen or ertragen and other members of tragen family
German picture description phrases and sequence

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Betrag or Beitrag, vertragen or ertragen and other members of tragen family

The tragen family is not as numerous as the drucken / drücken family we once analyzed, however, short, similar words often get confused in the mind, especially the sweet couple Betrag or Beitrag.

It can be also interesting
German synonyms. öffnen – offen – aufmachen
Dialogues b1 Deutsch Test für Zuwanderer
Receive: erhalten or bekommen, kriegen, beziehen, erlangen
Conjunctions in sentences. Different word order
Difference between ändern and verändern, verwandeln, wechseln and tauschen

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Picture description in German B1. Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

This thread lists the pictures for picture description in German that people saw in real exams Deutschtest für Zuwanderer (Niveau B1) and that were collected by me on the forums. For the basic principles and useful phrases for picture description, see the first part.

Part 1. German picture description useful phrases

All about DTZ (Deutschtest für Zuwanderer):
Read about German test b1 Deutschtest für Zuwanderer (DTZ).
German Writing for Exam B1: Letters 1, Letters 2, Letters 3, Letters 4, Letters 5, Letters 6
Dialogues for B1 test 1, Dialogues 2
Questions and anworts for the Leben in Deutschland test.

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German picture description phrases and sequence

Having dealt with letters examples and dialogue topics for b1 test, we move on to the next topic – German picture description phrases for DTZ. The picture description is called Bildbeschreibung. This task is used in the exam up to level B1, then something more substantial is usually used, like a diagram or graph. In … Read more

Anki pronunciation add-on

You don’t usually need pronunciation for German, but it’s actuell for other languages. Anki pronunciation add-on gives you the ability to add pronunciation quickly and effortlessly.

All posts about Anki
Part 1. Studying
Part 2. Editing a deck and notes
Part 3. Creating new notes
Part 4. Editing templates
Part 5. Сloze with typing

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Aufmachen or öffnen or offen or eröffnen

To this day, every time I have to ask when an institution or store is open, I am agonizingly unsure which word to use. Aufmachen, öffnen or offen or geöffnet? Or, to be sure, just auf? What difference between öffnen and eröffnen?

Also aufschlagen, andrehen, aufschließen can mean “open closed”. Let’s start with them, so as not to get in the way.

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Deutschtest für Zuwanderer b1 (DTZ). German writing examples 5

German writing examples for DTZ b1

We continue to study possible subjects of letters for the DTZ B1. This time we need to communicate with school, courses or social or sport club (Verein).

Read about German writing examples B1 level test Deutschtest für Zuwanderer (DTZ).
Letters 1, Letters 2, Letters 3, Letters 4, Letters 5, Letters 6
Dialogues for B1 test 1, Dialogues 2
German picture description phrases and sequence
Picture description in German B1. Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
Everything about the #Orientierungstest (Test Leben in Deutschland) is here.

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Difference between steigen, steigern, erhöhen, erheben, zulegen, zunehmen

Increase, raise, rise – there is not one, but several rows of synonyms at once. Let’s search difference between steigen and steigern, erhöhen and erheben, zulegen and zunehmen

First look at steigen, steigern, erhöhen. All of them suppose changing the level.

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Giving direction essay in German. Wegbeschreibung

Giving direction essay (Wegbeschreibung) pops up several times in different grades and at different levels. Not all teachers decide to write this essay, some take it verbally. And in VERA in grade 3, too, there was a similar task.

The training method is very simple: we open a map of the area, a city plan (for example tourist plan from tourist office) and ask to give direction from and to.

To complicate things, we add additional conditions:
the boy was with gypsum, it was an old woman with a stick (you need a short and safe path without stairs),
it was a cyclist,
it was a tourist (wants a more interesting route),
it was a small kind (you need a safe path without streets crossings) etc.

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German test b1 Deutschtest für Zuwanderer. Writing examples 4

German test b1 writing examples

German test b1 also includes letters in which you offer help or ask colleagues for help, request information on private ads.

Read about German test b1 Deutschtest für Zuwanderer (DTZ).
Letters 1, Letters 2, Letters 3, Letters 4, Letters 5, Letters 6
Dialogues for B1 test 1, Dialogues 2
German picture description phrases and sequence
Picture description in German B1. Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
Everything about the #Orientierungstest (Test Leben in Deutschland) is here.

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German dialogues b1 for Deutschtest für Zuwanderer. Part 2

In the first part we organized holidays, shopping trips and walks, now we will learn German dialogues b1 about help and advise.

DTZ German dialogues b1 Part 1
Read about German test b1 Deutschtest für Zuwanderer (DTZ).
German Writing for Exam B1: Letters 1, Letters 2, Letters 3, Letters 4, Letters 5, Letters 6
Questions and anworts for the Leben in Deutschland test.

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Dialogues b1 Deutsch Test für Zuwanderer

Diealogues are part of Deutsch Test für Zuwanderer. First you speak about yourself, then you describe a picture and have to speak with your partner. I give possible topics for this part. Tasks are taken from reviews of real exams shared in Internet.

German dialogues b1 for DTZ. Part 2
Read about German test b1 Deutschtest für Zuwanderer (DTZ).
German Writing for Exam B1: Letters 1, Letters 2, Letters 3, Letters 4, Letters 5, Letters 6
German picture description phrases and sequence
Picture description in German B1. Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
Questions and anworts for the Leben in Deutschland test.

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German synonyms. Receive: erhalten or bekommen, kriegen, beziehen, erlangen

In this thread, synonyms with the meaning “receive” are in the center. These are the words erhalten or bekommen and also kriegen, beziehen and erlangen. In addition, let’s take a look at enthalten – the word that is always confused with erhalten.

Let’s start with the simplest.

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Idioms in German with meaning stupidity, madness. Part 2

Several additionally found idioms in German with meaning stupidity from modern books and blogs. They have not yet entered the dictionaries, and probably not all will. But the frequency can be high as they are in vogue now.

I chose more interesting idioms, but did not take the more offensive ones.

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Idioms in German with meaning stupidity, madness. Part 1

The dignity of a person never collects so many idioms, full of artistic images, as swearing. Opportunity to unburden himself, especially expressively stigmatizing the mental abilities of the opponent, is dear to everyone.

And native speakers of German have made a big contribution to this topic. During the collection of the material, I thought that I would drown under the number of expressions. Frequency is often difficult to determine. I didn’t take outdated ones. Found in texts and included in the popular lists are in bold.

Stupidity can be lack of intelligence, insanity, misunderstanding and error. Let’s start with the first and second, since the border between them is not very clear.

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German letters for exam b1 Deutschtest für Zuwanderer. 3. Complaints

German letters for exam b1

We continue with German letters for exam B1 that calls Deutschtest für Zuwanderer, or DTZ.

What is German B1 level test Deutschtest für Zuwanderer (DTZ).
Letters 1, Letters 2, Letters 3, Letters 4, Letters 5, Letters 6
Dialogues for B1 test 1, Dialogues 2
German picture description phrases and sequence
Picture description in German B1. Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
Everything about the #Orientierungstest (Test Leben in Deutschland) is here.

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Basic German with tables. 3. Local prepositions

Usually this topic for beginners is very reduced, but I give a more complete version so that everything is in one place.

Basic German grammar tables and translation exercises in Anki. 1
Basic German with tables. 2. Noun and articles
Basic German. 4. Time and prepositions of time in German
German picture description phrases and sequence
German test b1 Deutschtest für Zuwanderer. Writing examples
Difference between verschieden, unterschiedlich, anders

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German B1 exam writing examples. 2. Relationships with neighbors templates

German b1 writing examples

Next type of letters German b1 exam DTZ (Deutschtest für Zuwanderer). What topics can you meet on the test about neighbors and garbage, neighbors and their dogs, noise and so on.

Read about German B1 level test Deutschtest für Zuwanderer (DTZ).
Letters 1, Letters 2, Letters 3, Letters 4, Letters 5, Letters 6
Dialogues for B1 test 1, Dialogues 2
German picture description phrases and sequence
Picture description in German B1. Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
Everything about the #Orientierungstest (Test Leben in Deutschland) is here.

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DTZ. German B1 exam writing examples. 1

German B1 exam writing examples

There will be letters examples for german language b1 level test – based on tasks that people have posted on forums and topics from different textbooks.

What is the level with which I will write these letters, it is difficult for me to judge. I think, B1 / B1+. In the preparation books for this exam, much simpler letters are shown as letters to the B1 level.

Read about DTZ (Deutschtest für Zuwanderer).
More German B1 exam writing examples: Letters 2, Letters 3, Letters 4, Letters 5.
Dialogues 1, Dialogues 2
Picture description in German B1. Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
German picture description phrases and sequence
#Leben in Deutschland test

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What is DTZ b1 level test

Deutschtest für Zuwanderer (DTZ) – the main exam for foreigners in Germany. It has actually two levels – A2 and B1, but level A2 is not necessary for anything.

You need certificate level B1 for unlimited residence permit, naturalization and for work.

DTZ takes place after all integration courses, but you don’t have to attend courses to pass the exam. If you feel ready, just sign up and pay.

DTZ is not carried out outside Germany. In other countries it is possible to take the Zertifikat B1 from the Goethe Institute. In Germany, the Goethe Institute also conducts its own exam, but not all cities have it. The Zertifikat B1 seems to be a little more difficult, but as far as I heard, the oral and written parts can be retaken separately.

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Conjunctions in sentences. Different word order

For me, when I was at the A2 level, it was a big mystery why, when we join the second parts of sentences with the same explanatory meaning, but different conjunctions (denn, weil, deshalb), the word order changes all the time. On the courses the teachers could not clearly explain this to me – you just have to remember. And I hate “just remember”, I prefer to understand. Therefore, we are looking for the answer ourselves.

It will be about conjunctions and connector adverbs, and for the sake of completeness, we will also take prepositions.

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Leben in Deutschland test. 10. Local authorities

The last post about Leben in Deutschland test – this time local authorities, local rules and questions about Bundesland.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Bilingual child speech development

The first part is about methods. Now about typical phases of bilingual child speech development and crises by bilinguals.

Unfortunately, at no stage we can say that all the difficulties are behind and then everything will be great and easy.

Bilingual children part 1
Education system in Baden-Württemberg
A non-speaking child. Part 1. Norm and problems
Benefits for families in Germany
German school cone (Schultüte). How to make
German primary school. Orientation. Must and can – school obligation

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Basic German with tables. 2. Noun and articles

Each noun has gender: masculine (Maskulinum, in dictionaries denoted by the letter m or the last letter of the article der -r), feminine (Femininum, f or -e), neuter (Neutrum, n or -s).

Nouns iare used with articles – definite (der, die, das) or indefinite (ein, eine, ein) in the certain form. Articles are declined by gender, grammatical number (definite only), and case.

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Leben in Deutschland test. 9. Traditional holidays. Religion

There are a little questions about traditions and religion in Germany in the Leben in Deutschland test.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
Stumbling blocks

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Leben in Deutschland test. 8. Family, education

There are a few more simple topics in Leben in Deutschland test (Einbürgerungstest), such as family and education.

All posts about #Leben in Deuschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Anki cloze – type answer

Previously, I told you how to use a ready-made deck, how to set up your own cards, about useful functions. Next time I’ll tell you about automatic sound for your cards. And this time about Anki Cloze. And not simply Cloze, but with typing answer.

Cloze is a special note’s type. You can skip a word or some words or whole sentence. Programm show you a sentence with skipped places and you think, which words have to match.

In my cards I not only think, but also type words. It is great exercise for translation from native to foreign language.

It gives a lot:

  • the word is placed in context
  • you can train forms and prepositions
  • you can train meanings that are lost when we train a word without context. Many verbs have two or more very different meanings, each of which is often used in speech. But when studing a word, we study the first meaning well, and the second is often not learned or is forgotten.
  • you can study idioms

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Anki for German. 4. Editing templates

Editing templates is the most important change that affects the way your notes and cards look. Here we can add fields, decide, how many cards have our note. We can also add a opportunity to type the answer.

All posts about Anki
Part 1. Studying
Part 2. Editing a deck and notes
Part 3. Creating new notes
Part 5. Сloze with typing
Part 6. Add a pronunciation

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Leben in Deutschland test. 7. Germany and Europe. Migrants

Leben in Deutschland test (Orientierungstest, Einburgerungstest) has several questions about the relationship between Germany and other countries (mostly Europe). There are also a few questions about migrants, but more from a historical perspective.

Note: This post does not include the changes that will occur with the UK’s exit from the EU.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Leben in Deutschland test. 6. Judicial branch

The topic “court (Judikative)” is small in the Leben in Deutschland test. All the information focuses on two questions: what courts are there and who are the Schöffen.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Anki for German language. 3. Creating new notes

We are exploring Anki further. First part was “studying”, second – “editing and sorting”. Now – “searching” and “creating”

All posts about Anki
Part 1. Studying
Part 2. Editing a deck and notes
Part 4. Editing templates
Part 5. Сloze with typing
Part 6. Add a pronunciation

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30+ idioms in German with meaning astonished

In this part I collect German idioms (Redewendungen) expressing surprise and astonish.

Expressions that are noted as “common” in sources or that I have come across in books are printed in bold. usg. – umgangssprachlich (colloquial)

It can be interesting:
German synonyms. öffnen – offen – aufmachen
Carnival vocabulary
Anki for German language. 1. Studying
Orientierungstest. 3. Political system and elections
German. False participles

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Anki for German language. 1. Studying

For ten years I have tried different word memory programs. The main problem was that I was not satisfied with the translation “word to word”. For German language it’s simply not enough. Only at the very first stages of learning you can use “naked” word without article and forms.

The Anki program was often mentioned, but everyone who recommended it knew only its simplest word-word part, and only such examples came across to me when I looked through the examples for Anki, so I did not consider this program a suitable option. Until I studied it deeper.

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Leben in Deutschland Test. History. After the war – FRG und GDR

Now we look what questions about history of Germany after Second World war – GDR and FRG – has Leben in Deutschland test. The first part was devoted to the period before the war and during the war.

All posts about #orientierungstest
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
Stumbling blocks

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Test Leben in Deutschland (Orientierungstest). History

The Test Leben in Deutschland only takes the history of the 20th century, starting with the coming to power of the National Socialists, mainly the problems of nazism, the results of World War II, the division and reunification of Germany. I think most of us remember this topic quite well from school education, so the a few tips that you need to know for the test.

But there are a lot of questions to this thema, therefore I divide it in two parts.

All posts about #orientierungstest
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer
Stumbling blocks

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Difference between beziehungsweise, respektive, entsprechend

This topic is about words with meaning “respectively” and “accordingly” – difference between beziehungsweise, respektive, entsprechend.

It was difficult, to out how to translate “respectively” in a sentence like “you can get to Niesen und Stockhorn with a train – stations Mülenen and Erlenbach, respectively.” Dictionaries usually pay much attention the meaning of “accordingly, in accordance with something”

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Orientierungstest. 4. Economy and social protection

This field of questions in Leben in Deutschland test (Orientierungstest, Einbürgerungstest) covers mainly some workers’ rights and social insurance.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Leben in Deutschland test. 3-2. Parties in Germany, communal level

For Leben in Deutschland test you must know about three power in Germany: legislative, executive and judikative. There is a schema in the part 3-1. This part 3-2 is about communal level, parties and Leben in Deutschland test questions to this topic.

All posts about #orientierungstest
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Leben in Deutschland test. 3. Political system and elections

We continue to study basic knowledge of German politics and laws for Leben in Deutschland test. This part covers a lot of information about the structure of power and elections, so I divided it into 2 entries.

All posts about #Leben in Deutschland test
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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Idioms in German with meaning talk too much, too little

We continue our German idioms list from field “talking”. This group with expression “talk too much or too little” is too big, therefore I made a separate post for them.

Idioms in German with meaning talk – Part 1
German synonyms. Difference between achten and beachten, aufpassen, Acht geben
Bilingual children
Conjunctions in sentences. Different word order
Basic German with tables. 3. Local prepositions
Others German idioms lists – see #idioms in german.

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German idioms about talking

Idioms are one of the most interesting and difficult parts of a foreign language. Some are briefly mentioned in textbooks but more often ignored as grammar and basic vocabulary are preferred.

I make German idioms lists with a specific meaning – in this post with meaning “taking”, that is expression ´associated with the communication process. One group of such expressions turned out to be too large. I moved it separately to the second part

German idioms with meaning talking too much or too little
German picture description phrases and sequence
German synonyms. Difference between verschieden, unterschiedlich, anders
Riddle in German. Do you know what it is …
Deutschtest für Zuwanderer b1 (DTZ). German writing examples
Others posts with German idioms lists – see #idioms in german

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Test Leben in Deutschland. 2. State structure, state symbols

We continue to deal with test Leben in Deutschland questions and answers. In this part about state structure and state symbols – federal states, state power, flag, coat of arms and anthem.

All posts about #test Leben in Deutschland
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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German. False participles

geschlossene Tür – from schließen, so Gestiefelte Kater – from stiefeln and beanzugter Mann – from anzugen, really?

There is an original form of adjectives in German. They have a connection with nouns, but pretend that they are formed from verbs and have the form of participles. There are not many of these words, but they are among the very common ones.

The list differs in different sources, since some words still have corresponding verbs, but it is not certain that the word is derived from them, and not from nouns. It is not so important for us whether the verbs were lost along the way of history or whether these words were formed simply by analogy.

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Test Leben in Deutschland (Orientierungstest) in English. 1. Constitution

Test Leben in Deutschland is one of the two basic tests for foreigners in Germany. Some time ago in Germany it was decided that people wishing to live in the country should have a certain minimum knowledge of the history and social structure of the country. The basis was the research that some of the people who want to obtain citizenship (and have received it) are not familiar with the Constitution (Grundgesetz) and / or do not accept it in the part that contradicts their Religion. This minimum knowledge was expressed in special courses (Orientierungskurs), which were added to the integration courses.

if you don’t want or don’t have to take the test yet, this topic may be of interest to you in order to close the gaps in knowledge about the country of residence.

All posts about #orientierungstest
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3-1, Part 3-2, Part 4, Part 5-1, Part 5-2
Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10
About Deutschtest für Zuwanderer

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