Library in Germany. How to use

When I tell those who have not yet had time to learn the language that the library in Germany is already waiting for them and will be very useful, they usually answer me with round eyes: “I can not find things in the supermarkt, but you are talking about the library.” However, later, when 5-6 years pass, the reaction after the first visit is usually different: “Why didn’t we go earlier?”

10 best online German dictionaries
Secondary school in Berlin – Brandenburg and other federal states
4th grade. Gymnasium or Realschule?
Non-Speaking child. Speech delay treatment in Germany
Bilingual children. 1
School supplies in Germany. 2. Pencils, pens (Füller) and others
German primary school. Deutsch in grades 3-4

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Rheinland Pfalz education system

Rheinland Pfalz education system are well represented on the local educational website, which can be said not for all federal states. The types of schools are very structured, and it is clear who goes where with what certificate.

Secondary schools in other federal states:
Education system in Baden-Württemberg
Secondary school in Berlin – Brandenburg
4th grade. Gymnasium or Realschule?
Gymnasium. First year

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Asperger Syndrome empathy, speech and emotions

We continue to talk about autistic disorder (Asperger’s syndrome) without the usual clichés. This part is about asperger syndrome empathy, emotions, intelligence and speech. We speak also about Aspie girls – girls adapt better to the social environment, so they are less noticeable and less often diagnosed.

Asperger syndrome empathy, emotions, speech, intelligence

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Education system in Baden-Württemberg

Now there are many options for accessing higher education, and it’s good to know about them in advance, especially when you have to choose a school after primary school. Let’s see education system in Baden-Württemberg.

In Germany, each federal state itself determines how its children should study. At first I wanted to make a general overview, but it very quickly turned into a huge lump with sticking out legs of numerous features of this or that land, in which one could get lost already in the first two paragraphs. So let’s go by each federal state separately.

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Asperger’s syndrome without outdated clichés. 1

In English-speaking countries, the understanding of what autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are has gone ten years ahead compared to Germany. However, there is progress in Germany as well. Because of Greta Thunberg, the topic of people with Asperger’s syndrome has risen to the top, and many German articles have appeared explaining what it is and how to live with it. Books are gradually being translated, adequate diagnostics are already available. However, many psychologists and especially educators know about the problem very superficially and approximately.

In this thread: what is Asperger’s Syndrome in a brief form and without outdated clichés and what can you do in Germany.

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Giving birth in Germany

Finally we got to the decisive stage of pregnancy – giving birth in Germany. This part is about what things to take with you to hospital, about the labor induction in Germany, pain relief and anesthesia for giving birth and time in the hospital after giving birth.

Part 1 Pregnancy in Germany. 1. Problems before pregnancy
Part 2 Pregnancy check up in Germany. Testing and monitoring
Part 3 Pregnancy in Germany. 3. What is hebamme, how to find her and what is Mutterpass

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Secondary school in Berlin – Brandenburg

What secondary school is it better to choose in Berlin-Brandenburg? In this post about education system in Berlin and Brandenburg federal states

The rules are different in these federal states, but since a significant number of the Brandenburg population is concentrated around Berlin, we will consider them together. Attending a school in another federal state is possible subject to availability (the rules are hier).

For more transparency the states have different color. The brighter the color, the higher the education

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Saint Martin Festival Germany. Songs

The main children’s autumn holiday is on the way – Sankt Martin Festival in Germany. Processions with lanterns are timed to this holiday.

The memory of Saint Martin is celebrated on November 11th. But processions in his honor usually take place after All Saints’ Day, that is, after November 1, and small processions of one kindergarden or urban area can be scheduled for any day of the last week of October.

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DIY silhouette lantern for Saint Martin feast. Part 5

Laterne Saint Martin / diy silhouette lantern

We end our big review with diy silhouette lantern: red leaves and black figurines.

Read more:
part 1 – lighting possibilities, basic materials,
part 2 – papier-mache, lampions, papier bags,
part 3 – polygons, “cheese package”,
part 4 – “houses” and “drums”.
Separat about feast and songs for it.
Bascetta star tutorial
German school cone (Schultüte). How to make

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DIY lantern for Saint Martin feast. 4. “Drums” and “Houses”

Laterne Saint Martin

“Drum” – the simplest and fastest form for diy lantern. The choice of motive is limited only by your desires and imagination. “Houses” are cubes or other prisms. Here you have to work more and plan more time, that is, this is an option for older children.

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4th grade. Gymnasium or Realschule?

What secondary school to choose – Gymnasium or Realschule? High school choice is not as obvious now as it used to be. Secondary education in Germany has changed significantly over the past 15 years.

I have so far examined the structure of education in half of the federal states (see the topics “Schools after the Grundschule”) and will continue to do so.

The main conclusion: the idea “if you want to go to a university, you need to fight to get into a gymnasium” in most Bundeslands no longer works. The strictest vertical is preserved in Bavaria and Saxony.

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Holiday at the state expense. Corona-Auszeit

The state believes that during the pandemic, families tensed the most – and this is true. Many were unable to rest last year, and some unhappy families did not go anywhere this year either. To reduce the psychological and financial burden, the government proposes to pay for 90% of the vacation costs for families with limited income.

Who can claim compensation?

Families with limited income and families with disabled people (with more than 50% grad).

The “limited” income is very high and depends on the age and number of children. Thus, a family with three children and an income of less than 114 thousand gross is entitled to a holiday payment. You can count here.

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DIY polygonal lantern, cylinder lantern for Saint Martin festival

Laternen Käseschachtel Saint Martin / Cylinder lantern

Next possible forms and techniques – polygonal lantern and cylinder lantern (“cheese package”).

part 1 lighting, basic materials
part 2 paper mache lantern, lampions lantern, paper bags,
part 4 – “houses” and “drums”
DIY silhouette lantern for Saint Martin feast. Part 5
Separat about feast and songs for it.
Bascetta star tutorial
German school cone (Schultüte). How to make

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Diy Lanterns for Saint Martin feast. 2. Paper mache lanterns, lampion lantern, bags

DIY Laterne Saint Martin Lantern paper bag

In the first part, we looked at the possible lighting options and basic materials for diy lanterns. Now let’s see what typical forms and what techniques are used. I must say, that the imagination is inexhaustible and every year new variants for lanterns appear. I tried to collect most of the ones already invented.

part 1 – lighting, basic materials,
part 3 – polygons, “cheese package”,
part 4 – “houses” and “drums”
DIY silhouette lantern for Saint Martin feast. Part 5
Separat about feast and songs for it
Bascetta star tutorial
German school cone (Schultüte). How to make

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All about Saint Martin Lantern. 1. Materials

This thread is all about Saint Martin lanterns for Saint Martin Festival. Let’s start with lighting and materials, then discuss the basic shapes of lanterns and some techniques.

Please note that most lanterns require not only lighting, but also a stick to carry it on. And there are more problems with a stick than with a candle.

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School supplies in Germany. Notebooks, folders, art lessons

In the first part there were satchels, pencil cases and how to deal with theft, in the second there were pencils, rulers, erasers, sharpeners and pens. Now let’s move on to notebooks, numerous types of folders, materials for art and some furniture.

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School supplies in Germany. 2. Pencils, pens (Füller) and others

The first part is about satchel, pencil cases, sports bags and theft of the school supplies. Let’s go further down the list – to pencils and pens as school supplies.

Important: pencils, pens, sharpeners, erasers, and rulers should be purchased also for “home-use”. That means you schould buy all things in double amount. If your child takes a pencil case out of his satchel to do his homework, then he is on the right way to forget everything at home one beautiful day.

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Primary school. School supplies in Germany

Over the five years of purchasing school lists I gathered some tips for school supplies in Germany.

General warning: teachers do not always know well what they want and how much their wishes are reflected on store shelves. Therefore, do not panic, be creative with the lists and do not be afraid to send your child to school with materials that do not quite match. The first class has everything stricter than others, but you have the opportunity to clarify at the first meeting, which takes place before the beginning of the year or immediately after the beginning of the year. The rest have at least a week to clarify, and even more.

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German primary school. Deutsch in grades 3-4

In this part about teaching German in primary school in grades 3-4: what textbooks can I recommend, what was in programm in third and fourth grades, one sample test and a list of grammar rules for primary school.

In the previous part, there were first and second grades.
An introductory part with navigation is here.
Education system in Baden-Württemberg
Primary school. School supplies in Germany
Asperger’s syndrome without outdated clichés
4th grade. Gymnasium or Realschule?

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Non-Speaking child. Speech delay treatment in Germany

Now we come to most important question: “What to do?” In other words – to speech delay treatment in Germany. In the first part it was a question “What is happening?” In the second part – “What is the cause?”

All normal speech therapists, unlike pediatricians, believe that the sooner a child receives speech therapy, the better. This raises the problem of how to get a recipe and where to claim it. Let’s try to go from symptoms, not from age.

And in the end two questions: What can you do yourself? and How to convince a pediatrician, that your child needs an examination?

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Non-speaking child. 2. Speech delay causes

The first part is about speech development and speech delay symptoms by age. Now we speak about speech delay causes.

Each of problems from the first part means a specific disease or several diseases. I can hardly name all of them, as some of them are very specific. I will try to combine them into groups.

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Speech delay by children. Part 1. Norm and problems

Having behind my back many years of struggle for the speech of the my second child and only too late having finally received our not very happy diagnosis of dyspraxia in my hands, I can summarize a lot about speech delay in children in Germany.

In this thread: what is normal and what is not, when to sound the alarm, what may be the reasons, what to do, where to go, how to find a good speech therapist and what techniques are familiar to me.

I do not claim absolute completeness and accuracy. But I would be happy to have all this information not now, but significantly earlier to get a piece of paper in my hands, which could be used to receiving therapy. Because as a child was 2 years old and I said, he does not control his mouth, I heard from a pediatrician “Your son is just lazy”. Then from another pediatrician two years later with joyful smile, “So he may not speak at all”. Only then he send us to proove ears (5 month of waiting!), then to special centre (1,5 year of waiting for diagnosis!). Meanwhile I paid myself for the first course of therapy and became second recipe from ENT doctor.

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Bilingual child speech development

The first part is about methods. Now about typical phases of bilingual child speech development and crises by bilinguals.

Unfortunately, at no stage we can say that all the difficulties are behind and then everything will be great and easy.

Bilingual children part 1
Education system in Baden-Württemberg
A non-speaking child. Part 1. Norm and problems
Benefits for families in Germany
German school cone (Schultüte). How to make
German primary school. Orientation. Must and can – school obligation

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Bilingual children. 1

Now people are so mobile that you will not surprise anyone with a multilingual family. For expats parents, this problem, which languages their children speak, take up a lot of time, it cannot be solved easily and forever. More precisely, this is the only way: no language – no problem, but this option is not suitable for everyone.

The main thing that you must remember is that there is no real bilingual child “by itself, out of air”. This is always the work of the parents, which may not be obvious to an outside observer.

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Deutsch in German primary schools. Grades 1-2

Grundschule

Let’s see what the children should know in Deutsch in German primary school, what books can be used for additional work, what written fonts there are. In this topic, grades 1 and 2.

Deutsch in primary schools Grades 3 and 4.
An introductory topic for primary school with navigation
Education system in Baden-Württemberg
Secondary school in Berlin – Brandenburg
Primary school. Office supplies and all for school
A non-speaking child. Part 1. Norm and problems
Bilingual children

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German primary school. Orientation. Must and can – school obligation

This is an introductory post to a group of posts about German primary school. Also here we will talk about when a child is obliged to go to first grade and whether he can stay at kindergarten for one year.

Grundschule German primary school

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German school cone (Schultüte). How to make

In my opinion, self-made German school cone look better than purchased ones. But still, you need to spend reasonable time and reasonable money on creating a cone. Otherwise, just buy and not rack your brains. In the last week before the Einschulung, ready-made Schultüte are very inexpensive.

German school cone (Schultüte)

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School cone in Germany (Schultüte). History and list

An obligatory attribute of the first day of school for a first-grader in German-speaking countries is Schultüte (literally “school bag”). In this post about school cone in Germany – its history and what is inside.

Schultüte

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Benefits for families in Germany

In this post about benefits for families in Germany: Kindergeld, Kinderzuschlag, Elterngeld, Landeserziehungsgeld, Familiengeld, Baukindergeld. The latter is practically irrelevant. However, according to the plans of the government, and all the rest may not be relevant.

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Lake Constance Austrian coast (Bregenz) and family holidays

Bodensee

At the end of the overview of all the attractions of Lake Constance, let’s turn to its Austrian part, tell briefly about Bregenz and see what there is in the region for children.

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